GOVERNOR SAMUEL OGLE ORIGINAL PAINTING
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Original Painting - Ogle Family of Maryland and Allied Families. com© - Photo From my Personal Collection©
THREE TIME PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND
Samuel Ogle, commission dated September 16th, 1731. Commission read in Council and oath taken December 7, 1731
Samuel Ogle, commission dated June 20, 1733. Commission read in Council and oath taken July 11, 1733
Samuel Ogle. Commission dated October 3, 1746. Commission
read and oath taken March 16, 1746-7.
When Samuel Ogle died on May 3, 1752, Benjamin Tasker took
the oath as acting Governor on May 4, 1752
Samuel Ogle, whose commission as Governor was read in the Provincial Council on December 7, 1731 is said to have been a captain in the British Army before his arrival in Maryland, A year after his assumption of the governorship, he yielded the executive position, on December I I, 1732, to Charles, Lord Baltimore, who came to Maryland in person and assumed the direction of affairs. He remained only about six months and then Re-commissioned Ogle as Governor on June 20, 1733. Ogle took the oath of office on July 11, and continued as Governor until August 23, 1742, when he went to England, turning over the administration to Thomas Bladen, who was a brother-in-law of the Proprietary, having married a sister of Lady Baltimore. Ogle married Anne, daughter of Benjamin Tasker, a member of the Council, and niece of Thomas Bladen and, while he was in the Province, lived at Belair in Prince George's County. He returned as Governor on His Majesty's ship Foulkstone, in 1746/7, taking the oath of office on March 16. This third gubernatorial term lasted until his death, May 3, 1752. His brother- in-law, Benjamin Tasker, succeeded him and, when Col. Horatio Sharpe came with a commission as Governor on August 6, 1753 the succession of executives from the Calvert and connected families, which had continued since October, 1720, came to an end. Mrs. Ogle died in extreme old age, on August 14, 1817. Benjamin Ogle, a son of Governor Samuel Ogle, was Governor of the state from 1798 to i8oo. A letter from Governor Ogle to Charles, Lord Baltimore, written on August 25, 1733, shortly after the latter's departure from the Province. Shortly after his arrival in the Province, Governor Ogle summoned a new Assembly. When the election returns were received, it appeared that, as was almost universally the case during the Provincial History, ""Maryland, from its outset, rose upon the shoulders of persons of high birth, moved to their destination by the best thought at home. The Lower House organized by selecting John Mackall as its Speaker, a position in which he had already served acceptably, and by appointing its usual committees. The Assembly of 1732 finally passed a bill for issuing paper money, a subject which had been under discussion for several sessions. The act provided for the redemption of the notes, which fact induced George Chalmers in his Introduction to the History of the Revolt in the Colonies. The long discussion as to the oath of a justice finally ended in a compromise. The Assize Bill was passed. A number of towns were laid out. A close election in the capital led to the passage of an act for prevention of bribery or corruption in the elections there. For some reason, Baltimore dissented to this act, which contained the quaint provision that the officer giving an oath to voters not to act corruptly should not take a fee therefore. There had been riotous proceedings in cutting tip tobacco plants which led to an act against such lawlessness. Iron manufactures and those of linen were encouraged and the taxes were revised:
Governor's salary being also renewed. That festering sore of injustice, the treatment of persons in jail, many of them for no crime but merely because of debt, was revealed in its full hideousness by a committee report, btit to the disgrace of the Provincials, no step was taken to remedy conditions and the Upper House, in its desire to assure the creditors of their rights, refused to release from confinement some unfortunate men whom the Lower House recommended for such leniency by granting them private bankruptcy laws. Complaint was made that the militia were not properly trained, and that there were abuses in the issuing of warrants in the Land Office. This is the first session of the Lower House for which the record of the yea and nay votes is extant. There are 20 divisions reported. the speaker never voted. The roll was called by counties, according to the date of their formation, as now. For some reason, however, Somerset was placed out of its chronological order, after Charles. On July 21, when there was a vacancy from Annapolis, on the division over the Revenue Bill, 48 members voted. As there were 12 counties, each returning four members, and the City of Annapolis, retiring two, the total number of members was 50, when there were no vacancies. Toward the end of the session, members began to go home, and at a division on August 7 only 34 voted. The last division on August 8 recorded 37 names. The divisions were upon six main subjects. 1. On July 12, it was voted in by the yeas and nays, by a vote of 29 to 17. I can find no particular significance in the alignment of members in this division. 2. On July 17, the House voted, 26 to 21, to have trashy tobacco burnt and on July 19, reversed this vote in a manner, by refusing, 21 to 26, to pass a bill to prevent exportation of trashy tobacco. In these divisions, the Eastern and Western Shores separated. In the earlier vote, all the Western delegates except one from St. Mary's and two from Baltimore, voted for the drastic measure, while only one from Talbot, one from Somerset and two from Queen Anne's joined them, f ruin the Eastern Shore. In the later vote, one from Kent also voted in the affirmative, but one from Queen Anne's changed to the negative, and another St. Mary's man, two from Calvert, and one from Charles voted against the destruction. 3. On July 12, the House voted, 12 to 32, not to exempt delegates from service in the Assizes. The affirmative votes were from St. Mary's, Calvert, Charles, and Queen Anne's, with a scattering one from Baltimore and from Prince Georges. On July 21, by one majority, 22 to 23, the House voted not to bring in a bill to punish bribery at elections. Most of the affirmative votes came from the Eastern Shore. viz. : Kent 1, Talbot 3, Dorchester 3, Cecil 3, Somerset 4, Queen Anne's 2. 4. The Revenue Bill caused a division on July 21, when the House voted, 16 to 32. not to consider it. On July 24, it voted not to alter the 12 pence for the support of government, 16 to 26; to continue the 2 shillings for rents and alienation fees, 26 to 20; and to pass the Revenue Bill for one year only, 33 to 13. On July 27, the House voted, 25 to 22, for the Government Bill and, on July 31, for the same bill, 24 to 22. On August 1, the House decided, 31 to 14, to allow the 3 half-pence duty to the Governor for one year, instead of three: amid, on August 7, the 3 pence duty raised for arms was allowed, by a vote of 22 to i8, to be disposed of as the Governor and Assembly might see fit. Here we have distinctly political questions amid may expect to find parties, if anywhere. An examination of the votes discloses something like the English division into Court amid Country parties and we note that some of the delegations from the counties appear to be divided. A conjectural division of the members upon this basis is as follows: Court Party: St. Mary's, Hopewell; Kent, Blackistone, Wilison, Howard, Hail; Culvert, Mackall; Dorchester, Hooper, Wool- ford, Taylor, Brannock; Baltimore, Scott; Annapolis, Gordon; Anne Arundel, Dulany; Talbot, Goldsborough, Hooper, Edmundson, Needles; Cecil, Ward; Queen Anne's, Wright, Hemsley, Clayton, Elliott (22). Country Party: St. Mary's, Waughop, Read, Jordan; Anne Arundel, Beale, Hammond, War- field; Charles, Courts, Middleton, Hanson, Hawkins; Cecil, Herman, Wood, George; Prince George's, Magruder, Crabb, Belt, Sprigg; Calvert, Smith, Skinner; Somerset, Gale, Allen, Dashieli, Caldwell; Baltimore, Mathews, Hamilton, Sheredine; Annapolis, Cumming. The Speaker, is of no party. The strength of the Proprietary party on the Eastern Shore is notable. 5. On July 31, the House voted, 25 to 20, to allow payment of fees at 10 shillings for ioo pounds, rather than at a penny a pound of tobacco. The alignment of the voters is puzzling and I have no clue to it. 6. On August 4. the House voted, 20 to 21, not to agree to the Upper House amendments to the Paper Currency Bill and, on August 7, the vote was repeated, 15 to 19. On August 5, the House voted, 28 to 15, to enforce this bill. On August 5. it also voted, 16 to 26, not to defer the law going into effect until the Proprietary could be heard from; but, on August 7, it reversed this vote, 20 to 17. A vote had been lost from the negative in Prince George's, Dorchester, Calvert, Somerset and Annapolis, two from St. Mary's and from Charles; while the affirmative had gained one from Somerset, Dorchester, Annapolis, and Queen Anne's. On August 8, by the close vote of 18 to 19, the House voted to allow the Governor to name the Commissioners to be appointed under the Paper Money Act. In general, the votes on the Paper Money Bill seems to follow the lines of those in the revenue acts. As this was a new Assembly, new committees were appointed. It is interesting to observe that no attempt was made to place all members on committees and that Messrs. Dulany, Beale, and Magruder were each upon two committees.
LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT REPORT AND PETITION OF
SAMUEL OGLE ESQ.
LATE GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND
Your Committee in pursuance of the Order of the House have proceeded to examine into the Facts contained in the petition and do humbly report That Samuel Ogle Esq.r mentioned in the said Petition did by his last Will and Testament Dated the 11.th Day of February 1752 and duly proved devise to his Son Benjamin Ogle also mentioned in the said Petition who was Heir at Law of the said Samuel Ogle and his Heirs his House and Land in Prince Georges County as also all his Negroes and Slaves together with his Stock of what Kind So ever and Horses (except his English Horses and their Breed) and every Utensil or Implement belonging to or used on his said Plantation in the said County at the Time of his Death and after devising some Legacies did further devise all the rest & Residue of his real and personal Estate of what Nature or Kind So ever either in America Europe or Elsewhere after his Debts or Legacies should be paid to his said Son Benjamin and did by his said Will direct that the Land and Negroes so devised to his said Son should be kept and maintained at the Expense and Risque of his said Son and the Profits arising therefrom accounted for to his Use and Benefit and did constitute and appoint the Petitioner Benjamin Tasker Esq.r and Col.o Benjamin Tasker since deceased Executors of his said Will and Guardians to his said Son And by a Codicil to his said Will dated the 15.th Day of April 1752 and duly proved the said Samuel Ogle Esq.r after reciting the Devise to his said Son herein above mentioned and that he was apprehensive the said Devise might not be so Advantageous to him by the Directions in the said will that the said Land and Negroes should be kept and maintained at his Risque as if they should be sold did by the said Codicil revoke and make void the said Devise and Directions to keep and maintain the said Land and Negroes at his said Sons Risque and did direct that the said Negroes Horses and Stock Plantation Implements and Utensils should be sold as conveniently might be and the Money which should be raised thereby applied and reckoned as part of the Residue of his Estate devised to his said Son and that his House and Land mentioned in the said Devise should also be sold by his Executors or the Survivor of them if they or the Survivor of them should judge it most expedient and advantageous for the Benefit of his said Son And the Money arising by the Sale thereof should be also reckoned as part of the personal Estate and placed out at Interest for the Benefit of his said Son That the said Executors or one of them did after the Death of the said Samuel Ogle Esq.r sell the said House and Land in Prince George's County under the power given them by the said Will That the Lands mentioned in the Petition are not partially mentioned in the said Will but that the said Samuel Ogle Esq.r died Seized of them And that it does not appear to your Committee that any Profits have been drawn from them since the Death of the said Samuel Ogle Esq.r
Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1731.
OATH of OFFICE 1731
M. Esqr in the City of Annapolis appeared the Honorable Samuel Ogle Esqr in Presence of the Honorable Charles Calvert Esqr,Philemon Lloyd Esqr Col Richard Tilgnman Col Matthew Tilghman Ward John Rousby Esqr Benjamin Tasker Esqr and Philip Lee Esqr Members of His Lordships Council and produced His said Lordships Commission constituting appointing him the said Samuel Ogle Lieutenant General and Chief Governor of the Provinces of Maryland and Avalon in America, & also Commander in Chief both by Sea and Land of all the Forces raised or to be raised in the said Provinces; which being published and read, is ordered to be recorded in the
Secretary's Office, His Excellency the Governor took the several Oaths appointed to be taken by Act of Assembly of this Province as also the Oath following:
I Samuel Ogle do swear that I will be true and faithful to the Right Honorable Charles Lord Baron of Baltimore the true and absolute Lord and Proprietary of this Province of Maryland and his Heirs and him and them his & their Rights Royal Jurisdictions and Signiorys all and every of them into and Over this his Province of Maryland the Islands & Territories thereto belonging I will at all times defend and Maintain to the Utmost of my power and will never Accept of any place Office or Employment within the said Province any ways concerning or relating to the Government thereof from any person or Authority but by from or under a lawful Authority Derived or to be derived from his said Lordship his Heirs or Assignees, I will faithfully serve his said Lordship as his Governor Commander in Chief of the said Province and in all other offices committed to my Charge by his said Lordships Commission or Commissions to me and will willingly yield up the said Commission or Commissions again and all Offices powers and Authorities granted or to be granted by them or any of them into the hands of his said Lordship and his heirs, and Assignees or to such person or persons as he or they shall Appoint whensoever he or they shall Appoint me so to do and shall Signify the same unto me. And will not presume to put in Execution or Attempt to Execute any Office Power or Authority Granted unto me by any of the said Commissions after that his said Lordship or his heirs or Assignees Lords and Proprietaries of the said Province shall repeal them or any of them respectively and that the said Repeals be published within this Province. I will do equal Right and Justice to the Poor and to the Rich within this Province to the best of my Skill Judgment and Power According to the Laws and Ordinances of the said Province and in default thereof, According to my Conscience and best Discretion and the power granted or to be granted unto me by his said Lordships Commission or Commissions I will not for fear favor or Affection or any other cause hinder or delay Justice to any but will truly Execute the said Office and Offices respectively according to his said Lordships Commission to me in that behalf and to the true Intent and meaning thereof and not otherwise to the best of my understanding and Judgment I will not know of any Attempt against his said Lordships person or his right or Dominion into or over the said Province or the People therein but I will prevent resist or oppose it to the utmost of my power and make the same known with all Convenient Speed to his said Lordship and I will in all things from time to time as occasion shall require faithfully Counsel and advise his said Lordship According to my heart & Conscience.
So help me God
His Excellency Governor Ogle also took the following Oath
I Samuel Ogle Governor of His Lordships Province of Maryland do Solemnly swear that I will do my Utmost that every the Causes matters and things contained in the several following Acts of Parliament of His Majesties Kingdom of Great Britain (Viet.) An Act Entitled an Act for the Encouraging and Increasing of the Shipping and Navigation made in the Twelfth year of the Reign of King Charles the Second, The Act for preventing frauds and Regulating abuses in his Majesties Customs made in the fourteenth year of the said Kings Reign. The Act for the Encouragement of Trade made in the fifteenth year of the said Kings Reign. The Act to prevent the planting of Tobacco in England and for Regulating the Plantation Trade made in the Twenty Second and Twenty Third Years of the said Kings Reign and Continued by a Clause in the Act against Clandestine Running of Goods and for the more Effectual preventing of frauds Relating to the Customs made in the fifth Year of the Reign of our late Royal father; The Act for the Encouragement of the Greenland and Eastland Trades and for the better securing the Plantation Trade made in the Twenty fifth year of the said King Charles Reign; The Act for preventing frauds and Regulating abuses in the Plantation Trade in the Seventh and Eighth years of the Reign of King William the Third The Act for Encouraging the Importation of Naval Stores from her Majesties Plantations in America made in the Third and fourth Years of the Reign of her late Majesty Queen Anne so far as it is continued & Explained by an Act giving further Encouragement for the Importation of Naval Stores &c made in the Eighth Year of his said late Majesties Reign. The Act to permit the Exportation of Irish Linen Cloth to the Plantations &c made also in the Third and fourth Years of the same Queens Reign and Continued and Explained by an Act past in the Third Year of his said late Majesties Reign for continuing the Liberty of Exporting Irish Linen Cloth to the British Plantations in America Duty free &c The Act for an Union of the Two Kingdoms of England and Scotland made in the fifth Year of the same Queens Reign in which are certain Articles relating to the Plantation. Trade more particularly the fourth fifth & Sixth The Act for Ascertaining the Rates of foreign Coins in her Majesties Plantations in America made in the Sixth Year of the same Queens Reign. The Act for the Encouragement of the Trade to America passed in the same year of the said Queens Reign; The Act for Continuing several Impositions Additional I am positions and Duties upon Goods Imported &c And to limit a time for prosecution upon certain Bonds given by Merchants (called in the Act Plantation Bonds) made in the Eighth Year of the same Queens Reign; The Act against Clandestine Running of unaccustomed Goods and for the more Effectual preventing of frauds relating to the Customs made in the fifth Year of his said late Majesties Reign, And the Act Giving further Encouragement for the Importation of Naval Stores for other purposes therein mentioned made in the Eighth Year of his said late Majesties Reign ; And also the Act for the more Effectual Suppressing of Piracy made in the same Year of his late Majesties Reign now in force relating to this Province And in all other Act of Parliament now in force or that hereafter shall be made relating to our Colonies or Plantations shall be punctually and bona fide observed According to the true Intent and meaning of the same Acts of Parliament.
So help me God.
The Honorable Benedict Leonard Calvert Esq delivers to His Excellency the Great Seal of this Province, and thereupon his Excellency the Governor takes the Oath of Chancellor in the following Words:
I Samuel Ogle do swear that as Chancellor and Keeper of the Great Seal of this Province I will well and truly serve His Lordship the Right Honorable the Lord Proprietary of this Province and do equal Right to all his Majesty's Subjects to the best of my Understanding Skill & Knowledge I will not debar or hinder the Prosecution of Justice nor take any Gift Bribe Reward or Fee for the delaying thereof but will behave myself justly and truly and hear act judge Decree Lib. M.and determine all matters that shall regularly come before me for Determination according to Equity and good Conscience according to the Duty of my said Office and according to the best of my Knowledge during my Continuance in the said Office, or until I shall be by lawful Authority discharged therefrom
So help me God.
All which said Oaths were administered to his Excellency by the Members of his Lordships honorable Council now present.
After taking the several Oaths aforesaid His Excellency subscribed the Oath of Abjuration and Test according to the Directions of the Act of Assembly
Advised, Resolved and Ordered that a Proclamation be forthwith issued for the Publication of his Excellency the Governors Commission, and directing all Officers Civil and Military to continue in the Execution and discharge of their
several Offices until his Excellency’s Pleasure shall be further known and signified therein, which Proclamation being prepared is as follows Viz.
By His Excellency Samuel Ogle Esqr Governor & Commander in Chief in and over the Province of Maryland
Whereas Charles Absolute Lord and Proprietary of the Provinces of Maryland & Avalon Lord Baron of Baltimore by his Commission under his Great Seal at Arms bearing Date at London the sixteenth Day of September in the fifth Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord King George the Second Anno Domini 1731 has with the Approbation of his most sacred Majesty been pleased to constitute me the said Samuel Ogle Governor and Commander in Chief in and over this his Lordships Province of Maryland which said Commission was this Day published in the Presence and hearing of the Members of his Lordships Honorable Council and Others the Kings Subjects his Lordships Tenants in this Province at the City of Annapolis. I have therefore by and with the Advice of his Lordships Council of State thought fit to issue this my Proclamation notifying the same to all Sheriffs Magistrate and Others his Lordships Officers in this Province And I Do further Will and direct that all Officers both Civil and Military execute and discharge the several Trusts and Duties in them reposed and enjoined by the present respective Commissions to them granted until such time as my further Pleasure and Directions shall be signified therein Given at the City of Annapolis this seventh Day of December in the fifth Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the second and in the seventeenth year of His Lordships Dominion &c Anno Domini 1731
Great J. Ross Cl. Conc.